Financial AccountingReceivables-MCQs

1. Which of the following is/are inventory valuation method(s)?


2. You are preparing the financial statements for a business. The cost of the items in closing inventory is $41,875.  This includes some items which cost $1,960 and which were damaged in transit.

You have estimated that it will cost $360 to repair the items, and they can then be sold for $1,200.

What is the correct inventory valuation for inclusion in the financial statements?


3. Which of the following costs may be included when arriving at the cost of finished goods inventory for inclusion in the financial statements of a manufacturing company?

1     Carriage inwards
2    Carriage outwards
3    Depreciation of factory plant
4    Finished goods storage costs
5    Factory supervisors’ wages


4. A company with an accounting date of 31 October carried out a physical check of inventory on 4 November 20X3, leading to an inventory value at cost at this date of $483,700.
Between 1 November 20X3 and 4 November 20X3 the following transactions took place:
1.  Goods costing $38,400 were received from suppliers.
2.  Goods that had cost $14,800 were sold for $20,000.
3.  A customer returned, in good condition, some goods which had been sold to him in October for $600 and which had cost $400.
4.  The company returned goods that had cost $1,800 in October to the supplier, and received a credit note for them.

What figure should appear in the company’s financial statements at 31 October 20X3 for closing inventory, based on this information?


5. Which of the following statements about the valuation of inventory are correct, according to IAS 2 Inventories?
1      Inventory items are normally to be valued at the higher of cost and net realisable value.
2     The cost of goods manufactured by an entity will include materials and labour only. Overhead costs cannot be included.
3     LIFO (last in, first out) cannot be used to value inventory.
4     Selling price less estimated profit margin may be used to arrive at cost if this gives a reasonable approximation to actual cost.



6. A company values its inventory using the first in, first out (FIFO) method. At 1 May 20X2 the company had 700 engines in inventory, valued at $190 each.

During the year ended 30 April 20X3 the following transactions took place:
01-Jul      Purchased 500 engines at $220 each
01-Nov     Sold 400 engines for $160,000
01-Feb      Purchased 300 engines at $230 each
15-Apr       Sold 250 engines for $125,000

What is the value of the company’s closing inventory of engines at 30 April 20X3?


7. Supervisor’s salary and equipment repair cost are examples of


8. The inventory value for the financial statements of Q for the year ended 31 December 20X4 was based on an inventory count on 4 January 20X5, which gave a total inventory value of $836,200.
Between 31 December and 4 January 20X5, the following transactions took place:

Purchases of goods 8,600
Sales of goods (profit margin 30% on sales) 14,000
Goods returned by Q to supplier 700

What adjusted figure should be included in the financial statements for inventories at 31 December 20X4?



9. In preparing its financial statements for the current year, a company’s closing inventory was understated by $300,000.

What will be the effect of this error if it remains uncorrected?


10. The closing inventory at cost of a company at 31 January 20X3 amounted to $284,700.

The following items were included at cost in the total:
1.      400 coats, which had cost $80 each and normally sold for $150 each.  Owing to a defect in manufacture, they were all sold after the reporting date at 50% of their normal price. Selling expenses amounted to 5% of the proceeds.
2.     800 skirts, which had cost $20 each. These too were found to be defective. Remedial work in February 20X3 cost $5 per skirt, and selling expenses for the batch totalled $800. They were sold for $28 each.

What should the inventory value be according to IAS 2 Inventories after considering the above items?


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